The first known US case of a highly infectious coronavirus variant discovered in Britain has been detected in Colorado as President-elect Joe Biden warned it could take years for most Americans to be vaccinated against Covid-19 at current distribution rates.

Biden’s prediction of a grim winter on Tuesday appeared aimed at lowering public expectations that the pandemic would be over soon after he takes office on January 20, while putting Congress on notice that he wants to significantly increase spending to expedite vaccine distribution, expand Covid testing and help reopen shuttered schools.

Biden said about two million people have received the initial dose of one of two newly approved two-dose vaccines, well short of the 20 million that outgoing Republican President Donald Trump had promised by year’s end.

Current rate

“The effort to distribute and administer the vaccine is not progressing as it should,” Biden said in Wilmington, Delaware. At the current rate, “it’s going to take years, not months, to vaccinate the American people.”

After Biden’s remarks, Colorado Governor Jared Polis said his state had discovered the nation’s first known case of the highly infectious coronavirus variant B.1.1.7, which was originally documented in UK, where scientists believe the variant is more contagious than other strains of the SAR-CoV-2, but no more severe in the symptoms it causes.

It has also been detected in several European countries, as well as in Canada, Australia, India, South Korea and Japan. Polis said the infected patient was a man in his 20s with no recent travel history who is currently in isolation in Elbert County, a semi-rural area on the outskirts of the greater Denver metropolitan area.

“Public health officials are doing a thorough investigation” and the individual has “no close contacts identified so far,” Polis said, adding that the state had notified the US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Colorado State Laboratory scientists confirmed the UK variant after noticing that a diagnostic test sample was missing a key gene signal, prompting them to sequence the patient’s viral genome. This revealed eight mutations specific to the spike protein gene associated with the UK variant, Polis said.

The Denver-based online news outlet, citing Elbert County’s public health director, later reported that a second suspected case of the variant was under examination there.

Although experts believe the newly approved Covid vaccines will be effective against the British variant, the emergence of a more highly transmissible strain of the virus makes a swift rollout of immunisations all the more critical.

Biden’s goal of ensuring that 100 million vaccinations are administered by the end of his 100th day in office would mean “ramping up five to six times the current pace to one million shots a day,” Biden said, noting that it would require Congress to approve additional funding.

Even at such an ambitious rate, it would still take months for most Americans to be vaccinated, he said, adding that the situation may not improve until “well into March”.

Biden also said he plans to invoke the Defence Production Act, which grants the president emergency powers to order expanded industrial output of key materials or products on grounds of national security, to accelerate production of vaccine supplies.

Trump has invoked the law during the pandemic.

To reopen schools safely, Biden said Congress would need to provide funding for purposes such as additional transportation, so students can maintain social distancing, and improved ventilation in school buildings.

Congress also needs to fund more diagnostic testing and help pay for protective equipment for healthcare workers, Biden added.

Trump defended his administration’s record after Biden concluded his remarks.

Designated areas

“It is up to the States to distribute the vaccines once brought to the designated areas by the Federal Government. We have not only developed the vaccines, including putting up money to move the process along quickly, but gotten them to the states,” he said on Twitter.

Trump, who contracted Covid-19 in October, has often played down the severity of the pandemic and overseen a response many health experts say was disorganised and cavalier and sometimes ignored the science behind disease transmission.

Earlier, Vice President-elect Kamala Harris received a Covid-19 jab on live television in a bid to boost public confidence in immunisations. Biden, 78, did so last week.


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